The once-powerful Kanien:keha’ka (Mohawk) Nation, member of the League of Five Nations, remains strongly attached to traditions and rituals. The Kanien:keha’ka (Mohawk), the second-most populous Nation in Quebec, have been able to preserve their values and self-determination, despite the influence of neighbouring towns.
The Mohawk community of Kahnawake, which means place of rapids, is located on the South Shore of the St. Lawrence River. The community houses three national historic sites of Canada. The two languages spoken are Mohawk and English.
Enclaved by the town of Oka, the small Mohawk community of Kanesatake is located at the confluence of the Ottawa River and Lake Deux-Montagnes. It consists of more than 2,000 people, out of whom 1,350 live on-reserve.
Founded in the middle of the 18th century by Mohawk families, this large community of 14,000 people straddles the Ontario and New York State border in Montérégie. Steeped in a rich history, the Akwesasne community was a pioneer in establishing the first Indigenous legal system.