In the Inuktitut language, the word “Inuit” (the people) hearkens back to a time when the inhabitants of the Arctic thought they were the only people on Earth. The Inuit of Quebec inhabit 14 villages across the immensity of the far north. Their lifestyle and their art - sculpting in particular - are world-renowned.
The village of Umiujaq is 15 km west of Lake Tasiujaq, along the banks of Hudson Bay. The name means which resembles a boat and refers to the geographical landmark of a hill that looks like an overturned umiak (traditional boat). Inuktitut is the first language in the community.
Tasiujaq is a lakeshore northern village next to Leaf Lake at the head of Deep Harbour. The surrounding waters are known to yield exceptional Arctic char. The Leaf Basin lies north of the tree line where shrub tundra gives way to arctic tundra. The tides there can be fifteen meters high or more.
The northern village of Salluit holds a strategic situation as the meeting place for the 14 Inuit communities of Nunavik. Salluit is surrounded by mountains averaging 500 m in height. From the fjord of Salluit, the resilient flora and fauna of the North can be observed.
The Inuit community of Quaqtaq is located on Diana Bay, called Tuvaaluk in Inuktitut, on a peninsula that extends into Hudson Strait. Diana Bay is full of terrestrial and marine mammals: fish and other seafood such as mussels and scallops.
This Inuit village lies 4 km from Puvirnituq Bay, on the north bank of the river bearing the same name. Most of the people speak Inuktitut. In autumn, migratory caribou from the Leaf River herd tread along in the vicinity for several days.
Of Nunavik’s 14 northern villages, Kuujjuarapik is the most southeastern one. The people in the community mostly speak Inuktitut followed by English. Kuujjuarapik means little great river in Inuktitut, the Inuit language.
Kuujjuaq, which means the great river, is the foremost and most widely known of Nunavik’s Inuit communities. It is situated on the west bank of the river, 50 km from Ungava Bay. Every August and September, the migratory caribou of the George River herd pass by.
The village of Kangirsuk, located on the north bank of the Arnaud River, is surrounded by a rocky cliff in the north and by a large hill in the west. There are many lakes and rivers in the region and mussel fishing in the Arnaud River is a common practice.
Just 10 km from the Hudson Strait, on the southeastern shore of Wakeham Bay, are located the Inuit of Kangiqsujuaq who fish for mussels in winter by piercing holes in the sea ice where the bay is shallow. Kangiqsujuaq is home to the Pingualuit National Park where there is a meteoritic crater filled with clear blue water.
This is the easternmost Inuit village of Nunavik, 25 km from Ungava Bay, at the mouth of George River. Kangiqsualujjuaq is a destination for spectacular scenery due to its vicinity to several national parks. Its name means very large bay in Inuktitut.
Ivujivik is the northernmost settlement in the province. No roads go up there and it is an important nesting site for one of the biggest thick-billed murre colonies. Ivujivik means place where ice accumulates because of strong currents.
This village is near Hudson Bay, on the north bank of Innuksuk River. Inukjuak, which stands for the giant in the Inuktitut language, is known for its clear blue waters and rapids. The Inuit community can only be reached by plane or boat.
Located on the south shore of Hopes Advance Bay, Aupaluk is the smallest community in Nunavik and the first northern village of the Canadian Arctic to be planned by the Inuit. Aupaluk means where the earth is red as it is found on ferruginous grounds that are great for hiking.
This is game country. Nestled at the mouth of IIIukotat River, the northern village of Akulivik strives on hunting. Inuktitut is the first language of this community straddled along the far reaches of Hudson Bay.